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The Henry Clements and Spencer Mozingo Family History

4th Edition, 2011 A. D.

Chapter III – Bourbon, Scott and Pendleton Counties, Kentucky


1808-1826 & the War of 1812



Migration Routes to Kentucky


Migration from early Orange County, Virginia into Kentucky could have consisted of crossing the immediate Blue Ridge Mountains to enter the Appalachian "Great Valley" Region.  The Great Valley Region is a system of valleys running southward between the Appalachian and Blue Ridge Mountains.  Then, traveling southward through the Virginia Shenandoah and Holston Valleys via "The Great Valley Road" to reach the "Wilderness Road’s" beginning point, called "Block House".  Continued travel through the Powell, Allegheny, and Cumberland Mountains via the "Cumberland Gap".  Traveling then into Kentucky, they would start a northward trek to the Lexington and Bryan's Station’s regions.


Quote[i] – “The road through the Cumberland Gap was not officially named "the Wilderness Road" until 1796 when it was widened enough to allow Conestoga Wagons to travel on it. However, by the time Kentucky had become a state (1792), estimates are that 70,000 settlers had poured into the area through the Cumberland Gap, following this route." End Quote


Of course, it could be possible that they simply rafted down the Ohio River to Kentucky.



Bourbon County, KY


Spencer Mozingo


Before Feb 1808[ii], Spencer Mozingo, with his wife and remaining children:  Mary, Ellen and Benjamin arrived in Stoner District, Bourbon County.  This area was within the Bluegrass Region of Kentucky, also known as “the land of corn and wine”.  His wife appears to have passed away before 1820 and  in 1820 Spencer is probably living with his son Benjamin in this county.  In 1830, he is probably living with his daughter, widow Mary Mozingo Clemmons in adjacent Harrison County where he probably died soon after Oct 1831.


Tax Records[iii] in Bourbon County found for Spencer:


1808 - Feb 17 - Mozingo - 1 white male, 1 male 16-21

1809 - Monsingo - 1 white male; 1 horse

1810 - Mozingo - 1 white male; 1 horse

1813 - Mozingo - 1 white male; 1 horse


This researcher also indicated a John Mozingo for 1808.  This remains unconfirmed.


Another researcher[iv] provided:


1811 - Mozingo - 1 white male; 2 horses

1812 - Mozingo - 1 white male; 2 horses

1814 - Mozingo - 1 white male; 2 horses


The Spencer  Mozingo  household  consisted  of the unnamed wife and  children:  Polly [later Mary], Nelly [later Ellen]  and Benjamin.  This family was listed on the 1810 federal census record, page 133, for Bourbon County, KY. 


Additionally, in April 1808, Spencer Mossingo joined the Silas Baptist Church[v] in Bourbon County.  In July 1811, he was issued [pg. 645] a letter [of dismissal] apparently to return to Pomonkey [should have read Pamunkey] Virginia.


“The "Pamunkey" neighborhood, which embraces the Orange Springs, a very fertile section of the County [Orange Co. VA] lying ten miles below the County seat, has long been celebrated for the thrift and hospitality of its people.”[vi]

Whether he actually went back to Virginia for awhile is unclear.  He still seemed to be on the tax lists for Bourbon County after 1811.  Spencer Mossings was recorded [pg. 647, unclear entries] as being granted a letter from the church in June 1816 [original author comment: “…after geographical or spiritual wandering.”].  Spencer Mossingo was recorded [pg. 646] as re-joining in February 1818 and again issued a letter [of dismissal] in June 1824.

On the 1810 federal census record, James Mesinger[vii] [sic], wife Milly Clements [later Amelia] and children: Thornton and Mary Ann also were listed as residing in Bourbon County.  By 1815, they had removed to adjacent Harrison County.  By 1840, they removed to Decatur County, IN.


Personal tax record[viii] for James:  1814 – Mozingo, 1 male over 21, 3 horses.


On 2 Mar 1820, in Harrison County, Benjamin Mozingo married Peggy Pollard.  They were listed on the 1820 federal census record in Bourbon County [with Spencer and possibly his remaining daughter Nelly later Ellen living with them], page 66 [apparently Spencer’s unnamed wife had passed away].  By 1827, they were listed on Harrison personal tax records and by the 1830 federal census, Benjamin had removed from Harrison to Mason County, KY and never found again.  Perhaps they died in the nationwide cholera epidemic.



Henry Clements

Before the fall of 1809, Henry Clements[ix], wife Orpha, and children:  Hannah, William T.,Thomas, James and Ann with also young Henry [grand-son] followed the Mozingo family to the Stoner District of Bourbon County[x], KY.  I cannot fully explain the total of ten family members listed on the 1810 federal census record.  Their other daughters, Mary, Amelia and Hannah were previously married [or soon after arrival] with their own households listed on the census records and should have not been counted twice, but one never knows.

For 1810, not counting Henry and Orpha, their household was listed, by age, to be:


Males:              Under 10: 1, 10-15: 2, 16-25: 2, Sub-total:          5


Females:           10-15: 2, 16-25: 1,                                  Sub-total:          3


Total:                8


Notes on males:  Under 10 = young Henry, 10-15 = James? & unknown, 16-25 = William T. and Thomas.  Actually, James, William T. and Thomas were older, so we cannot tell much about the males.


Notes on females:  10-15 = Ann and unknown, 16-25 = Thomas’ 1st wife?   


The end total Virginia-to-Kentucky migration for both families appeared to be twenty-six persons.  By 1813, Henry Clements was found in Pendleton County.


On 24 Jan 1810, our Hannah Clements [2nd generation] married William L. Fugate in Bourbon County.  They appear to be listed on the 1810 federal census in Bourbon County.  By 1811, they remove to Pendleton County, which is the second county due north [through Harrison County].


Justification for listing Hannah as a daughter of Henry:  Hannah named her youngest daughter Orpha [after her mother] and this given name was repeated by her descendents.  She also named her second son Henry [her father’s name].  Hannah moved to Pendleton County in 1811 and Henry moved there by at least 1813 [probably with them].  They say a Thomas Clements [I say her brother] signed as bondsman for her marriage.


On 6 Jun 1813, our Thomas Clemmons [2nd generation] married Polly [Mary] Mozingo [2nd generation] in Bourbon County.  This was the third marriage, but not the last, between the two families.  Before 1820, they remove to adjacent Harrison County where he buys land in 1820 and soon dies leaving a widow and children by 1824.


A note about the possible age of Thomas Clemmons:  After many years of researching this family, I am beginning, just now in this fourth edition, to think that Thomas Clemmons must have been older than William T. Clemmons and sister Hannah Clemmons.  Since it was Thomas who was on the tax records [1807] in Orange Co, VA, signed his sister’s marriage bond [Jan 1810] and married [1813] in Bourbon County before William T. [1814], he was surely older.  He is most likely the son that had a first marriage in Virginia and was the father to the young Henry [1805-1832] previously discussed in Chapter II.


On 7 Sep 1814, our William T. Clemons [2nd generation] married Polly [Mary] Matthews [or Mathis they say] in Bourbon County.  He is one of the first of the clan that makes the journey to Indiana, first to Jefferson County [perhaps he goes back and forth to KY before the final move north] and later to Decatur County.  Perhaps his alleged service in the War of 1812, exposed him to Indiana. 


On 26 Sep 1816, our Ann Clements [2nd generation] married Hezekiah Wheat Jr. in Bourbon County.  They are listed on the 1820 federal census record for Bourbon County.  By 1830, they remove to adjacent Harrison County very close to Henry Clemmons.


Justification for listing as a daughter of Henry:  Their family is found listed on the same page as our Henry Clemmons and Mozingo's on the 1830 Harrison Co., KY census.   On the Harrison Co., KY 1850 federal census record, the widow, Ann Wheat, is listed one household away from Harrison Smith [the in-laws of Thomas Clemons Jr.].  One of their grand-daughters married a Mozingo in 1871 [3rd cousins?].  There was also another grand-daughter named Arapa like the Mozingo's did.  Henry Clemmons' wife was found to be called Orpha.  We can surely conclude Ann was also a daughter of our Henry. 


Personal tax records for Bourbon County [provided by various family researchers and may not be complete]:


1812[xi] - Thomas Clemmons - 3 blacks over 16, 10 ?

1813[xii] - Thomas Clemmons - 1 male over 21


Extractions[xiii] from actual copies of the Bourbon County tax pages:


1811 - Thomas Clemmons

1813 - William Clemon

1814 - Thomas Clemmons

1817 - Thomas Clements, 1 black under 16

1818 - Thomas [“1 black under 16”] and James Clemons

1819 - James Clemmons, over 21, one horse

1820 - William Clemmons, over 21, three horses

1821 - William Clemmons, over 21, one horse


Our William Clemmons [2nd generation] was also listed in Jefferson County, IN, records at the same time [1821] as Pendleton County, KY [proving he was back and forth before the final move north].


Jefferson Co, IN Tract Records [Jefferson Co, IN Library, tract-book-index-1808-1846]

Clemmons, William - 158.39 acres, Town 4 Range 11 Sec 1 Description: NE 1/4, date: 21 Jun 1821

Clemmons, William - 160.00 acres, Town 5 Range 12 Sec 30 Description: NW 1/4, date: 1 Jul 1822



Scott County


On the 1810 federal census record, the Joseph Mezinger[xiv] [sic] household, probably consisting of wife Polly Clements [later Mary], children:  Sarah,  Martha, John, Henry  and Tandy [some say Landy] resided in adjacent Scott County.  In 1820 and 1830, they were living in Harrison County and soon after removed to Decatur County, IN.  However, based a court record extract found in Pendleton County, perhaps they had removed to Pendleton County before going to Harrison County.


Jun 1814. Estate of Robert McMullin. Administrator is Phebe McMullin. Appraisers are John Fugate, William Arnold, Joseph Minzingo, Thomas Wilson.

 Scott County personal tax records[xv] Joseph Mozingo:

1810 - Manzingo - 1 white male over 21, 2 horses.

1811 - Mensingo - 1 white male over 21, 2 horses.


Pendleton County


In previous editions of this manuscript, we only wondered why our Henry Clements was found in the following Tax Records for Pendleton County:


1813 - Delinquent Tax List - Where Removed to: 

Henry Clement, no property

1814 - Delinquent Tax List - Where Removed to:
Henry Clement, no property

1821 - Delinquent Tax List – Where Removed to:
Henry Clement, to Harrison County

We know now that Henry’s daughter, Hannah, married William L. Fugate on 25 Jan 1810 in Bourbon County and that they were already listed by 1811 on the personal tax records for Pendleton County. 

By 1813, Henry had removed from Bourbon to Pendleton County.  By 1819, Henry is found on the Harrison County Tax Records [see next chapter for Harrison County] with his son Thomas.  So, during the period 1813–1818, Henry lived in Pendleton County.


Wm. Fugate was listed on the 1820 federal census for this county with seven children.  For some reason, maybe a census-taker mistake, the wife was not counted.



Other Clements of the Area


Bourbon County 


Joseph Clemon [aka Clems, Clem, later Clemens] was found for 1791, 1792, 1796 and 1797 on Bourbon personal tax records.  A descendent says Joseph was a salt miner who removed to Ross County, OH and then back to Virginia [now West Virginia].  Information I have collected on him consists of: 


Joseph CLEMS [CLEMENS], b. abt 1763, Virginia, d. in Kanawha Co, VA. He married Hannah PURTEE on 17 January 1792 in Bourbon Co, KY.  I don't know who his parents were.  Their children were:  [1] Sarah McNew Clemens, b. 24 March 1795, Bourbon County, KY, m. Phillip Eastham Strother, 10 September 1811, Ross County, OH, d. September 1868, Carter County, KY.  [2] Deborah Clemens, b. about 1800, Ross County, OH, m. John Prather, 20 May 1818, Jackson County, OH, d. about 1841, Kanawha County, VA (now West Virginia).


Benjamin Clements Sr.[II?] and sons [to date, no proven connection to our line] were found for 1795–1797 in Bourbon County, then they started to remove from Bourbon and by 1808 were relocated to adjacent Harrison and then, in part, to Pendleton County.  They most probably came through Montgomery County, Virginia [called at that time] and earlier were perhaps in Pittsylvania County, Virginia.  As they were moving out of Bourbon our line was moving into Bourbon.


His children’s marriages were:


[1] Benjamin Jr. to Lucy Bailey, 2 Nov 1796/98, Bourbon.  Benjamin Jr. to Rachel Ashcraft, 28 Nov 1831, Pendleton.  Some tax records show [not complete]:  Bourbon 1795-1797, 1807.  Census records indicate:  Pendleton 1810 & 1820 [d. 1838 Pendleton].


[2] John to Elizabeth Faroh, 18/19 Feb 1797 [bond date], Bourbon.  John to Elizabeth Adams, 2 Feb 1809, Harrison.  Some tax records show [not complete]:  Bourbon 1796-1797, Harrison 1909-1915.  Census records show:  Harrison 1810, Edwards Co IL 1820.  Died in Reynolds Co MO about 1865 [they say].


I can only conclude this was his first marriage and he was older than we originally thought:  Marriage bond: Clemons, John and Elizabeth Faroh of  Bourbon County. Bond date: 18/19 (written over) Feb 1797. Bondsman: Matthew DINSMORE. Consent of "Samul" FAROH given 17 February 1797 for the marriage of "my daughter Elizabeth" and Jn'o. CLEMONS.  Attest: Jn'o DINSMORE and Stephen JONES.  Marriage Date: not found in BC mg registers.


[3] Edward to Mary Lake, 30 Dec 1797, Harrison [d. about 1809].   Pre-1809 tax records for Harrison not checked.  Census record shows: George Finly [Finley] 1810 Harrison [widow’s 2nd marriage – 26 Apr 1810].


[4] Isaac to Elizabeth Henry, 10 Oct 1805, Pendleton.  Some tax records show [not complete]:  Bourbon 1807, Harrison 1809, 1813, 1815, 1818, 1824 [widow Betsy].  Census records show:  Pendleton 1810 & Harrison 1820.


[5] James to Mary VanHorn, 15 Oct 1806, Pendleton.  Some say next there Jennie Hays in 1816 [no proof at all].  James to Polly Boner, 2 Nov 1820, Pendleton.  James to Lucy Kirby, 20 Nov 1825, Ralls Co., MO.  Some tax records show [not complete]:  Harrison 1809-1811, Pendleton 1813, Harrison 1815, St. Louis MO 1817.  Census records show:  Edwards Co IL 1820, Champaign Co IL 1850-1870 [d. 1873].


[6] Anna to John Brownfield, 16 Jan 1806, Pendleton.  John Brownfield’s family was from Washington County, PA.  They removed to Champaign Co, IL by Oct 1831.


[7] Malvina to William Slade [from MD], 14 Apr 1808, Harrison.  She went to Champaign Co, IL [d. 1873] after her husband’s death [1863] in Harrison Co, KY.


Many of the Benjamin Clements descendents removed from Kentucky to Illinois and at least one to Missouri. 


John Clemont was listed on the 1810 federal census for Bourbon.  He was listed in Stoner District.  The majority of the Bourbon population lived in Stoner District, a few in Millersburg, and a few in Paris.  John was listed on page 84 and our Henry on page 125 [some distance apart].  John and wife were over 45 with probably a 26-44 year old daughter and her under 10 year old son.  The daughter is likely the Betsy Clemens that married George Wolf in Bourbon as follows:  


On 15 Sep 1811, a Betsy Clemens married a George Wolf.  Betsy would also be a nickname for Elizabeth.  There was a George Woolf family on the 1810 federal census records for Bourbon.  However, it appears it is not the ones found later in Harrison County [a Jr. and Sr.].  The Jr. was too young and the Sr. had a long standing wife of another name.  There was a George Woolf and a John Clement in Scott County by 1820 which would require additional research.  Note that Joseph Mozingo, wife Mary Clements and family had lived in Scott Co., KY in 1810.


Personal tax records in Bourbon for John:


1810 - John Clemons

1811 - John Clemons

1812 - John Clemmons

1813 - John Clemons

1814 – John Clemmons

1815 - John Clements, “Capt. Wm. Davis' Co., 71st Regt.”

1816 - John Clemins


Note:  The 1815 entry implies “War of 1812” service.  


At first, I thought this John could be a descendant of the Christian Clements line [German] of Augusta County, VA.  However, it was quickly learned that the John of Christian Clements probably migrated [1806-1808] to Jackson County, TN and submitted a Revolutionary War pension application there in 1831.  Some of his descendants later migrated to Monroe County, KY.  We did find[xvi] a strange reference to Harrison County, KY for a John Clemmons filed in Augusts County, VA court records below.  A possible answer is that Caspar [not Gaspar], also a son of Christian, had a son named John [but too young, at the time, and later removed to Greene County, OH].  The most probable explanation is that John of Christian lost the below court case and went to Tennessee instead of Kentucky.


Augusta County, VA Court Documents:  “October, 1808, Clemmons vs. Jackson--O. S. 158; N. S. 56--Bill, 13th October, 1808, Harrison. Deed dated 11th November, 1799, by George Jackson and Elizabeth, his wife, of Harrison County, to John Clemmons, of Harrison, conveys a tract on Lost Creek. Recorded in Harrison County, December, 1799. (George Jackson was member of Congress.) Deed, 29th November, 1798, by John B. Armstead, of Loudon County, to George Jackson, of Harrison, conveys 119 acres (claimed by grantor by entry or otherwise), included in a survey made for Jackson of a resident right known as the Obrian place on Lost Creek of 400 acres.  Recorded in Harrison, 17th December, 1798.  Entry in Monongalia, 2d April, 1781, by Adam Obrien, assignee of John Richards, of 400 acres on Lost Creek, in right of residence, including his improvement made in 1771.”

Could it be possible that the John mentioned in the aforementioned document was John of Benjamin Clements Sr. line [in Bourbon County by 1795 and Harrison County by 1809 or before]; however, why would the document be filed in Augusta County, VA?  They had removed from Montgomery County, VA.  There was no history of a very large Benjamin [the father] line in Augusta County, VA found [except for one small and unclear entry – below, which is really Benjamin Borden].  Also, both the Benjamin line and the subject John first settled in Bourbon County.

Chalkley's Chronicles;  Vol 3, PP 250 – 259, Court Records [undated]Page 131. --Same to Ezekiel Clements, 5 shillings current money Virginia.  Benjamin in his lifetime had agreed to convey 400 acres patented to Benjamin 24th March, 1740, on a Jame[s] River branch called the Mary on southwest side.”

This “Benjamin” was Benjamin Borden.


Montgomery County [south-east of Bourbon]


Roger Clements, Revolutionary War soldier [NC] with a land bounty from Rowan County, NC, born in Augusta County, VA, was residing in this county.  Their father, Roger was born on 1 Jan 1762 in Augusta County, VA, resided in Montgomery County, KY from at least 1794 until he died on 31 July 1835.  He was in KY much earlier.  He was married to a Hannah Hathaway on 25 Jan 1787.  This family is well documented. 

 But, be aware, at least six of his children married in Bourbon County as follows:

            [1]On 5 Jan 1809, Rev. John H. Clements [12 Oct 1787-23 Jan 1868] of the Roger Clements' line, married Nancy Highland [1793-1847].  Not the same John Clements on the 1810 federal census for Bourbon Co., KY.  In 1850 he is located in Boone County, IN with a new wife, Rebecca, b. 1816 KY.  They say she was Rebecca Johns (1785-1850).  They were married on 13 Feb 1848 in Henderson County, KY.


[2] On 11 Mar 1814, Phillip Andrew Clements [8 Apr 1789-15 Nov 1862] married Mary Highland 1795-1855].


[3] On 18 Mar 1819, they say William Clements married Nancy Hance.


[4] On 21 Dec 1819, Zachariah Clements married Lindy “Verlinda” Bramlett. 


[5] On 20 Sep 1821, James Clements married Nancy Bramlett. 


[6] On 20 Sep 1821, Gustavis Clements [Gustavus, a Swedish form] married Milly Bramlett. 


Two brothers-to-two sisters, three brothers-to-three sisters and another total with two occurring on the same date. 



Misc. Records Found for Clements


Edward Tucker’s will:  As early as 1787, Edward Tucker, Revolutionary War veteran from Maryland then Virginia, was present in Bourbon County.  He died by 1789.  It seems his will was not probated until 1801.  By the following Bourbon court entry, we see probably that his daughter Ann had married a Clements probably in Maryland [Ann Clements]:


Bourbon County, p. 104, March Court, 1801.  Edward Tucker's Hrs. Division. Widow, Ann Clements; Jno. Tucker; Wm. Tucker; Alexander Tucker; Eleanor Speaks.


Notes:  I don’t believe anyone has ever understood this transcription.  They say his wife was Elizabeth Davis so how can the extractor say wife was Ann [re-married to Clements].  I can only try to guess that his wife was not named but only depicted “Widow” and that Ann Clements was his daughter.  They also say his daughter? Polly “Eleanor” [b. 1754?? then Frederick Co, MD (now Montgomery)] was first married to a William Clements [deceased before migration to KY] and secondly [1783 Georgetown, Maryland] to Hezekiah Speaks [b. Prince George's Co, MD].  However, Eleanor is actually listed on the 1776 census for Frederick Co, MD with an age of only 14 [1762].  So, she probably could not have married a William Clements.

Elizabeth Combs? Clemons, 1825 will, Bourbon County:

Will[xvii] of Elizabet CLEMONS names Jane NORRIN, wit Margaret Combs, Esther NORRIN, Ann BLACK dated 25 Jul 1825, proven Apr 1826


Extracted by Jean Smallwood from Bourbon Co Wills and Abstracts, who adds that the original compiler added the notation that “Elizabet was neè Elizabeth Combs” with no source given. 


Benjamin Clements Jr. [III?], 1838 will, Pendleton County:

“Matthew Combs receives 100 acres.”[xviii]


Note:  I know now that Matthew Combs was a son of Rachel Clements [of Benjamin Sr. [II?] who married Henry Combs.


War of 1812


Background:  The War of 1812 [the forgotten war] was during the period 18 Jun 1812-24 Dec 1814 and fought between America and Britain [the British and their native Indian allies] to re-affirm our independence.

QUOTE[xix]:  "On 5 October 1813, The Battle of the Thames [at Moraviantown, Canada] was a decisive victory for the Americans that led to the re-establishment of American control over the Northwest frontier for the remainder of the war..."

"[U.S. General] William Henry Harrison's force totaled at least 3,500 infantry and cavalry.  Harrison had two regular infantry brigades under generals Duncan McArthur and Lewis Cass.  Colonel Richard Mentor Johnson commanded the Kentucky cavalry; five brigades of Kentucky militia were led by Isaac Shelby, the sixty-three year-old governor of Kentucky and a hero of the American Revolutionary War..." END QUOTE

QUOTE[xx]:  "American forces cross into Canada across Lake Erie after the American victory [U.S. Navy - Admiral Oliver Hazard Perry] on the lake.  British forces, under General Proctor, are forced to withdraw, with American forces following closely.  The American forces catch up with the British and Indians, and decisively defeat them. Tecumseh, the Indian chief, is killed in the battle." END QUOTE

Participation in the War of 1812

Even though not documented in the War of 1812 Pension Rolls of Kentucky, it is very possible that William T. Clemons and Joseph Mozingo were present for the above described battle.


Note: To receive a veteran's [or widow's] pension, [therefore getting documented] one must submit proof of service and more importantly, be in financial need [poor - no assets to speak of]. This is still true even today.


For William T. Clemons I was told of the following documentation[xxi]:


"…William settled on the farm on which he died…  He was a soldier in the war of 1812, and under General Harrison served in the campaigns against the English, French and Canadians, in 1813-1814..."


For Joseph Mozingo I was told of the following:

McConnel-Mozingo Cemetery[xxii] (Private), Washington Township:


"...och (Joseph?) Mozingo Ky. Vols. War 1812"

Four daughters of his son Henry and Elizabeth were also buried there leading me to believe it was Joseph's tombstone.  The cemetery has long since been plowed and destroyed.

 There was also a book[xxiii] entry [probably a Mozingo family voluntary submission] in the section of military veterans of Decatur County:

QUOTE:  "It is almost certain that Joseph Mozingo was a soldier in the War of 1812. He was in a Kentucky battalion, name or number unknown. This man was buried in what is known as the McConnell cemetery, located on the Greene Barnes Farm, two miles southeast of Greensburg. There is a rough stone, but no inscription. The grave was located and a staff placed at the grave, which was decorated on May 30, 1901."

"Thomas Mozingo, a brother of Joseph, also lived and died in this county. He was a soldier of the War of 1812, went from Virginia, and was an officer in his company. He lived on-half mile south of the village of Smyrna, on what is now known as the Martin farm.  He is buried in an old cemetery on that farm, on a knoll, southwest of the house.  His wife was known as "Aunt Milla" and was buried beside her husband. These graves were located by Mr. Martin from personal knowledge of the parties, whom he knew when a young man.  There are two rough stones at the heads of these graves without inscriptions."

"Joseph and Thomas were the sons of Spencer Mozingo, who was a soldier of the War of Independence, and went from Culpeper County, Virginia. Thomas Mazingo's [sic] grave was decorated on May 30, 1901."  END QUOTE


My clarification comments:  We all know that "Milla" [Amelia Clemons] was married to "James" Mozingo. Perhaps he was called Thomas or the descendants just got the first name wrong.  However, this article does not prove or disprove whether Spencer Mozingo had "another" son named "Thomas" who, some say, died in 1830.  Based on his will, James died in 1849. However, we also know James was in Bourbon County, Kentucky not Virginia at the War of 1812 time frame.  This article may mislead researchers into believing there were a Thomas in Virginia and Joseph and James in Kentucky.  But, the writer was talking about the husband of "Milla". Unfortunately, no official documentation has been found proving War of 1812 or Revolutionary military service for these three or four men.


In conclusion, a distant elderly cousin, in Harrison County, Kentucky, indicated that four of the brothers had served in the War together (after seeing William T.'s obituary and the Joseph's cemetery transcription), she might have meant the War of 1812 and was talking about:  William T. and Joseph Mozingo, plus, perhaps, James Clemmons and James Mozingo [no proof].


Kentucky War of 1812 Records[xxiv] only exist as listed below.  [No proof intended to connect our family].  No entry for Mozingo found in Kentucky records.


Clements, William, Pg 8, Capt. Edward B. Gaither's  Company, 2d Mounted Militia, 11 Sep - 30 Oct 1812.

Clement, William, Page  93

Clemon, William, Page 239

Clemens, Thomas, Page 288

Clemons, James, Page 331


Some service records on file at the National Archives:

For 4th Regiment (Pogue's) Kentucky Volunteers

William Clement

William Clements

James Clements

Jhon [John] Clements


For 2nd Regiment (Thomas') Mounted Kentucky Volunteers

William Clements


Overview of Related Census Records


Harrison and surrounding counties' 1810 census records for Clem____ derivatives (household head):


Bourbon County: Henry Clemens (pg. 125, author's ancestor) and John Clemonts (pg. 84, previously discussed).  It appears from the census pages that the list was re-written in a kind of first letter of last name alphabetical [a’s, b’s, c’s, etc.] sequence by census taker’s district.  So it appears Henry and John were, in fact, in a different district.


Pendleton County: Benjamin [Jr.] and Issac Clemmons (pg. 93, living side-by-side) (sons of Benjamin Sr. in HarrisonCounty).  Indexes may show Clemmens but when you look at the pages its Clemmons.


Harrison County: James, John, and Benjn. (Sr.) Clemmons (pg. 334, living side-by-side) (Benjamin Sr. a possible [not proven] descendent of Captain Benjamin Clement, Clement Hill, Pittsylvania County, VA [first maker of gun powder in Virginia]).

Scott, Nicholas, and Fayette Counties:  No Clem____ derivatives were found.

Clark County (south of Bourbon):  An elder John Clemmons and wife were found but no children.  Not researched.

Montgomery County (also south of Bourbon):  John and Roger Clemand [Clements] were found (Roger, previously discussed, John his son).

Note:  Bath and Grant counties were not formed at this time.


Supporting Comments for William T. Clemons


I have found that many researchers do not connect William T. as being a son of Henry Clements.  I submit the following specially focused information on William T. [some of which may be repeated or hard to follow information]:


        [1] William T. (age ca. 30) is first mentioned in Bourbon County, KY on the 1813 personal tax records, when he married there in 1814 and not again until the 1820-1821 Bourbon County personal tax records.  We find the explanation for the gap as follows:


In a later Marshall County, Iowa, publication[xxv], listed are some of William’s descendants.  Stated in part: …moved to Jefferson County, Indiana in 1815 [at least by June 1815, birth of oldest child] and then to Decatur County, Indiana by 1825…” 

            Perhaps, they went back to Kentucky for 1820-1821.

In 1813, Thomas Clemmons [a brother] had married Polly [Mary] Mozingo.  Around this timeframe, based on the earlier 1810 Census and various personal tax records, the Henry Clements household was one of two Clem____ households found in Bourbon County.  The other one was a John Clemont [sic] (over 45) household [probably a husband, wife, older daughter, and a small grandson].  The same John Clements was also found listed on the Bourbon County Tax Records for 1811-1816.  William T.’s, 1871 Decatur County, IN obituary indicated he had migrated to Kentucky with his father.  It appears Henry Clements would be his father.  Additionally, in the next paragraph I will connect Thomas to James and then William T. to James [all brothers].  Thomas can be connected to Henry because they were living side-by-side on the 1820 Census for Harrison County, KY and because both their personal tax entries change counties at the same timeframe.

        [2] In 1821, the Harrison County, KY, marriage records showed James Clemmons [later Sr.] married "Nelly" Mozingo [Ellen, daughter of Spencer Mozingo] with brother Thomas Clemmons [later Sr.] signing the bond with him [by their X's].  It probably is our James on the tax records for 1822 [Clemmons] and 1824 [Clements] in Harrison County.  James Clemmons [Sr.] and family then migrated to Jefferson County, Indiana [late 1824] and then to Decatur County, Indiana [late 1825].  This is based on birthplace of children [Elizabeth always said KY – b. 1824, and then Spencer, b. 1825, said Jefferson County, IN], children’s apprenticeship records, and William T.'s 1871 Decatur County, IN obituary naming James as a brother.  James Clemmons [Sr.] named one of his sons "Spencer" probably after his wife's father.  This son, Spencer’s, Civil War Military Disability Discharge Certificate stated he was born 1825 in Jefferson County, IN.  William T.’s 1871 obituary indicated he had migrated to Indiana with his brother James and a sister married to a Mozingo [see Chapter VII for more on this].

Note: Thomas Clemmons Sr. died or disappeared about 1824 (based the beginning of court recorded financial assistance for the wife and her consistently paying the land taxes).  He could have died helping his brother, James remove from Kentucky to Indiana.


        [3] On the 1860 Decatur County, IN federal census record, Armilda Mozingo, 22, b. IN, was found residing with the William T. Clemens household, occupation listed as "domestic".  Armilda Mozingo was Amelia "Milly" Clemmons Mozingo's granddaughter (Amelia was sister to William T.).


        [4] William T. had a son named George Washington [b. 1828, d. 1845].  In 1858, William Clemons (son of Thomas Clemmons Sr. - brother to William T.) named one of his twin sons George Washington.  William T.’s wife also had a set of twins born in 1825.


[5] On the 1860 Decatur County, IN federal census record, James Clemons Jr. (son of James Clemmons Sr. - brother to William T.) is found living directly next door to Russell White and Nancy Clemons White (daughter of William T.).  They were cousins.

[6] Thomas Clemons Jr.'s (son of Thomas Clemmons Sr. - brother to William T.) oldest son, James R., migrated to Decatur County, IN after the Civil War and married (1867) Eliza Mannda Mozingo (daughter of Henry Mozingo - son of Mary “Polly" Clemmons Mozingo (sister of William T.).  Another of Thomas Clemons Jr.'s sons, Joseph “Abraham”, also migrated to Decatur County and married (1873) Mary E. Fortune.

[7] William Clemons (a son of Thomas Clemmons Sr. - brother to William T.) moves from Harrison County, KY to Decatur County, IN.  He is found on the 1880 federal census record living directly next door to H. Clemmons [Henry M. Clemons] (son of William T.).  They were cousins.

            [8] Two sons of William T., Archibald and Jonathan “Perlonso”, married daughters of Jacob R. Smith.  One son of James Clemmons Sr. [William T.’s brother], Thomas, also married a daughter of Jacob R. Smith.


        [9] It also appeared that William Clemons (a son of Thomas Clemmons Sr. - brother to William T.) purchased two land patents in Marshall County, Iowa along with William T.’s sons in October of 1855.  But, for some reason, he did not remain in Iowa.

Author:  Ronald Allen Clemons Sr.,
© 2006-2011, an e-book, 4th Edition.  All rights reserved.

[i]Web site - Early American Roads and Trails by Beverly Whitaker, MA, no longer available.

[ii]Based on Tax Records, Church Records and later Census Records [of grandchildren's birth location and estimated birth years]. 

[iii]Leta Rose Rowland

[iv]Deb Coombs 

[v]Members from 1800-1829, By Edna Talbott Whitley, Published in the KY Historical Register 1929, Submitted by Mary Hatton to, pages 645, 646 & 647 [found by Kathy Campolettano].

[vi]Quoted from:  A History of Orange County, Virginia, by W. W. Scott.

[vii]1810 federal census record, “James Mesinger”, Bourbon Co., KY, pg. 133.

[viii]Deb Coombs

[ix]1810 federal census record, “Henry Clemens”, Bourbon Co., KY, pg. 125.

[x]1810 federal census record, "Mesinger", Bourbon Co., KY, pg. 133. 

[xi]Deb Coombs

[xii] Deb Coombs and Ronald Clemons Sr.

[xiii]Ronald Clemons Sr. paid researcher.

[xiv]1810 federal census record, “Joseph Mezinger”, Scott Co., KY, pg 166.

[xv]Leta Rose Rowland

[xvi] Chronicles of the Scotch-Irish Settlement in Virginia, by Lyman Chalkley, Extracted from the Original Court Records of Augusta County 1745-1800.

[xvii]25 Jul 1825 - Apr 1826 (Bourbon Co., KY Wills and Admins. - Will Book G pg. 351). 

[xviii]Will Book G, page 469, Pendleton County, Kentucky, 1 Dec 1838.  Names children and second wife Rachel Ashcraft. 

[xix] From [].

[xx]From [].

[xxi]Greensburg Newspaper, Decatur Co., IN, 9 Feb 1871, pg. 5.

[xxii]Decatur County, Indiana Cemetery Transcriptions, page 45.  Cemetery has been plowed under since early 1900, no longer visible.

[xxiii] Harding's, History of Decatur County, Indiana, pg. 414. 

[xxiv]Adjutant General of Kentucky, Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Kentucky:  Soldiers of the War of 1812, USA. Adjutant General's Office, 1891. 

[xxv]The History of Marshall County, Iowa, published in 1878, pg. 640.